Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza glaberrima (African rice) or Oryza sativa (Asian rice). As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world’s human population, especially in Asia and Africa. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production 

In financial year 2019, the yield of rice estimated in the country was approximately 2.6 thousand kilograms per hectare. There was a consistent increase in the yield of rice since fiscal year 1991-RICE Production in INDIA in FY2019 was 172.6 Million ton.

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